เรียกดู

History of Women

ผู้เขียน:

English Language Resources for EFL Students and Teachers

Connect with us get social!

History of Womens Football EFL Lesson

The Womens Euros is currently in full swing, so were riding on the waves of footy euphoria and using the tournament as a springboard to explore the fascinating and turbulenthistoryof womens football. This is a great topic for the EFL classroom as a conversation lesson that can be adapted for all language levels, concerning issues of sport, politics and sociology. It also includes lots of vocabulary that will be useful for language learners across many areas.

How did womens football go from being hugely popular in the 1920s to being almost unknown in the UK for fifty years? Read on to find out how and why womens soccer was sidelined and how it is now experiencing a resurgence to become the fastest growing sport in the world.

In the early 20th century, womens football was immensely popular in England. Womens games often drew bigger crowds than mens. When the men went to fight in theFirst World War, the mens national football league was suspended and the womens game took its place. The sport went from strength to strength.

These were the glory days for womens football. In 1920, the womensgamewas at the height of its popularity. 53,000 fans watched the womens unofficial England team beat St Helens Ladies 4-0 at Evertons Goodison Park, with thousands more spectators waiting outside.

However, that all changed whenthe FA decided to ban womens football in 1921. This was just as the game was soaring in popularity and despite women playing at the FA grounds for many years previously.

The ban mean that the womens game wasimmediatelyrestricted to amateur status, received no money from the FA and no structural support. Womens teams couldnt use FA pitches or coaches or other resources.

The FAs official reason for the ban was that they suddenly thought football was unladylike and bad for womens health, especially their ovaries.

The real reason, of course, was simply misogyny. The FA did not want the womens game to be as popular as or more popular than the mens game, so they suppressed it.

There was also apoliticalmotive. They were worried about the potential for social revolution. Working-class women were becoming popular as public figures and could get a powerful voice, so the FA decided they had to be stopped.

However absurd and bizarre the FAs official explanation about womens health, their new ruling meant that women had no suitable place to play football and no structural support. So the game went into decline.

Meanwhile,moneywas pumped into the mens game and it flourished into the billion-pound industry we know today.

2. Girls were discouraged from playing football after the FAs ban

The FAs ban in 1921 also created the idea in the publics mind that football was somehow unsuitable for women, creating the catalyst for generations of prejudice against women in football.

The official banonwomens football at FA grounds existed for 50 years and women were discouraged from playing football in the UK for all thistime.

The ban was only lifted in the 1970s and by then, thediscouragementand lack of opportunity to play had affected two generations of women.

It took a long time for old attitudes to change. Even in the 1980s and1990s, football was rarely offered to girls as a sports option atschools in England. Without womens football ontelevision, any visible role models or encouragement, many girls never had the opportunityto trythe sport.

TV presenterClare Balding presented a program called When Football Banned Women (Channel 4), which explored the infamous FA ban and its terrible repercussions for the womens game.

3. A womens football match in Portsmouth, England, 1917

Interestingly, in the USA where no official ban ever took place, football (or soccer as Americans call it) has never had this restrictive men-only reputation. The most popular sports for men when soccer arrived in the US wereAmericanfootball and baseball.

As football (soccer) only arrived in the USA in relatively recent history, it has none of the stifling attitudes that many women and girls haveexperiencedin the UK. America led the way for womens football with many top female players from Europe movingacross the pondto join US teams.

(Idiom:theidiomacross the pond the pond is the Atlantic Ocean and in the UK going across the pond means going to America)

In England, the Womens Super League (WSL) is now flourishing with Manchester City, Arsenal, Liverpool and Chelsea particularly successful.

AcrossEurope, womens football has grown enormously in just the last 5 years with moreinvestmentfrom top clubs leading to great improvements and new opportunities. InFrance, the Paris Saint Germain and Lyon womens teams play at huge venues and with an €8millionbudget, Lyon are the best-funded womens football team in Europe.

4. Manchester City players line up for a team photo. The front players hold a sign highlighting the 2017/2018 UEFA EqualGame campaign, which championed diversity, inclusion and accessibility

The rebirth of the womens game

As interest and competition grows, the top clubs of Europe are now starting to put more money and resources into their womens teams.

Although Germany andScandinaviahave always boasted the top womens leagues, the WSL (Womens Super League) in England is attracting lots of new talent and the leagues of France, Spain and Italy are also increasing in power.

Although it will take many years to catch up with thefinancesof the long-standing mens game, the top female footballers can now earn large amounts ofmoney.

Womens soccer is now the fastest growing sport in the world.

As the support, coverage and popularity of women s football rises, the players salaries will rise along with it. This means young girls thinking about their future today can see that professional football is acareeroption for them.

TheWomens Euros 2017attracted many new fans and a whole new generation of girlshas beeninspired to start playing football. TheWomens World Cup 2019tournament also raised the interest level in womens football with record viewing figures.

The Canadian womens team await a corner kick Image source

Questions to ask in a conversation lesson:

Why do you think the FA banned womens football?

How do you think the FAs ban affected girls and womens attitudes to the sport in the UK?

And how did the ban affect boys and mens attitudes?

Howwouldyou feel about being banned from playing a sport the whole world enjoyed?

Why has womens football not always been popular in the past?

Why has it has started to become more popular in recent years?

Where do you think womens football is headed in the future?

Why do you think some people want to stop others people from playing a sport? (Control? Fear? Bullying?)

How can sporting popularity bring power? And revolution?

Why has America had less of a problem with prejudice in football?

What position do/would you play on the football pitch? (Goalkeeper, defender, midfielder, forward/striker). Why do you choose that position? Explore positions in oursoccer vocabularypage.

What does it mean to be agoodfootballer?

What makes a good football manager?

Womens soccer gap fill exercise

In 1921 the FA (1). women from playing football at their grounds. At this time, womens football was highly (2) but the ban meant that womens (3) were now restricted to amateur status, received no (4) from the FA and no structural . Because of the ban, the womens game (5) into decline.

The FAs ban (6). for .(7).years. Because of the ban and general societal prejudice, women were discouraged (8) playing the sport and even until the 1990s many women and girls never had the (9). or the .(10). to play. However in recent years, womens football has become much more .(11). again.

The USA never had the same type of prejudice in football (or .(12). as the Americans call it) because for them the game is only a modern invention. Historically, Americans have played .(13). and American football, so soccer is relatively .(14)

Although Germany and Scandinavia have led the way in womens football in Europe and have had the (15). womens leagues, the Womens Super League in England is fast becoming highly respected and boasts many top teams and players. Clubs in Spain and France are also now (16) much more in their womens (17). There are now many .(18). female footballers, so girls at school can see that professional football is a .(19). option for them.

.(20). in the womens game continues to rise and thanks to the .(21). of the World Cup in 2015 and now the Euros in 2017 a new .(22). of girls has been inspired to start playing.

A new generation of girls has been inspired to start playing football image source

The history of womens football is a great topic for the EFL classroom, as it can be used in many ways to discuss history, sport,politicsand cultural development.

Beginner students and advanced students alike can learn from the history of womens football through our discussion topics and gap-fill exercise.

Consider introducing newspaper articles, magazine interviews,radio and televisioncommentary, TV discussions and punditry into the classroom.

We have discussed some quite complex topics here. Do let us know if you have any questions about any of the expressions or vocabulary used in this article.

Why do you think womens soccer was sidelined for so long? What effect did this have on women and girls?

How does society and gendered expectations shape our opinions and behaviour?

How could we use the FAs ban on womens football as a springboard to discuss other injustices in the classroom?

What other vocabulary and phrases could be useful in this lesson?

Can you think of some more EFL lesson ideas for a class about womens football or sport in general?

Womens Football Match Menai Bridge vs Penrhos. Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru / The National Library of Wales from Wales/Cymru [No restrictions],via Wikimedia Commons

Las Aztecas 12-13 Girls Soccer June 13, 2015 36, image bySteven DepoloviaFlickrCC BY 2.0]

Womens football in Portsmouth, England, 1917, image by By Nationaal Archief [Copyrighted free useor Public domain],via Wikimedia Commons

Manchester City Women UEFA Womens Champions League SKN St. Poelten vs Manchester City, image by Ailura, CC BY-SA 3.0 AT [CC BY-SA 3.0 at],from Wikimedia Commons

This entry was posted inLanguage Guideand taggedFootballHistorySportWomenbyCatherine. Bookmark thepermalink.

Your email address will not be published.Required fields are marked*

下一篇:10 European clubs with the most league titles in football hi

上一篇:When soccer was invented?

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง